A child's ability to recognize the letters in a word and match them with their sounds.
1. Play with letter blocks with your child in different colors, shapes, and sizes.
2. Play matching games and sorting games to have children identify what is alike and different.
3. Hold letter flashcards and ask, "What sound does this letter make?".
1. Read books that feature letters in different sizes and shapes.
2. Point out letters as you are reading them, especially if they are uppercase and lowercase. Ask your child, "What sound does this letter make?".
1. Sing "The Alphabet Song"!
2. Sing "The Backwards Alphabet Song"!
1. Encourage children to point out letters when they see them.
2. Point out uppercase and lowercase letters to children when you see them outside of books.
3. Use nametags as an opportunity to talk about letters.
1. Have children write their names.
2. Sing songs or do activities where children are writing letters in the air.
One of the first skills children need to learn is recognizing that letters and sounds are related. Unlike other languages, English has many more letter sounds than letters! For example, the letter "E" can have as many as eight different sounds in the English language. This sentence is a perfect example: "The smell of the fern reed despite our efforts".
There are many different online resources for early literacy - and we know it can be overwhelming. The following apps, blogs/newsletters, videos, and websites are some of the materials we would recommend to learn more about letter sound correspondence!